Well, we have almost made it through color theory. So far it hasn’t been too bad at all, and it won’t be anymore difficult today. We are almost done with color theory!
Again, it may be helpful to have your color wheel in your hands while reading these terms, but I will post the photos of the color wheel again in case you haven’t had a chance to get one yet.
Here we go!
Additive Colors – The combination of pigments which result in mixtures that are lightened; or, color mixing that utilizes light.
Ex: When blue is added to white the additive color is light blue.
Subtractive Colors – The combination of pigments which results in mixtures that are darkened.
Ex: Red mixed with white makes pink. (Pink is darker than white.)
Expressionistic Color – Color which expresses emotional qualities rather than visual truths about a subject.
Ex: Some artists use blues and greens to emote a calm feeling from their art.
Color Constancy – The psychological tendency to see colors as we think they are rather than as we actually perceive them.
Ex: After a traumatic incident some witnesses will say, “Officer, it was a black or dark colored car.” They know it was dark, but they didn’t see exactly what color it was.
Atmospheric Perspective – When distant areas loose color contrast and value contrast and may be tinted with a blue haze.
Ex: Mountains look blue-purple from a distance, but don’t up close.
Simultaneous Contrast – The tendency of complementary and strongly contrasting colors to intensify one another when placed side by side.
Simultaneous contrast may cause color to change in value, saturation, and hue.
Ex: Pale buttery yellow can look like a light yellow next to a middle key yellow, but if it is placed next to a deep dark purple, it can appear almost white.
That is it for color theory. I hope it was much easier than you thought at first.